BULLETIN 01062022
6 June 2022

Home of Past District 9810 Governors
Bill Tierney (1986-1987)
Russell Gurney (2018-2019)
Alma Reynolds (2020-2021)


Boosting Brain Function in Later Life Through Singing
Summary: Singing in a social group such as a choir may help protect cognitive function and treat aphasia in older adults.
Ask anyone in a choir why they enjoy it, and they will tell you about the euphoric effects singing has on their mental health. A team of neuroscientists and clinical psychologists based at the University of Helsinki (Finland) believe these benefits could extend to improving brain function and treating aphasia.
The team has also carried out extensive MRI brain scans of young, middle aged and older adults who participate in choirs to understand why singing is so important at different life stages.
Their results indicate that as we age, the brain networks involved in singing undergo fewer changes than those that process speech, suggesting that singing is more widespread in the brain and more resilient to aging.
Their studies also suggest that being actively engaged in singing, as opposed to listening, is crucial . Early results from a longitudinal study, which compared neurocognitive functioning between members of senior choirs and healthy older adults (who do not sing) showed the positive effects of singing on cognitive and auditory functioning and the importance of the social interaction it brings, which may help delay the onset of dementia. Choir members performed better in neuropsychological tests, reported fewer cognitive difficulties, and had higher social integration. Electroencephalogram measurements of the same groups suggest that the choir singers had more advanced higher-level auditory processing abilities, especially for combining pitch and location information in frontotemporal brain regions, something attributed to the complexity of the sound environment in choir singing.
The challenge, however, is likely to be different with Alzheimer’s: whereas patients may remember songs from their past, it is unsure to what extent they can learn and retain new lyrics. “This is all about trying to stimulate the remaining networks in the brain. We believe singing could help to regain some of those functions, but of course with Alzheimer’s it’s a progressive disorder so it’s a matter of buying more time and trying to slow down the pattern of decline happening already.”
“Well, the brain is like a muscle. If you train it, you make it fit, and if you use your brain for singing, it’s complicated, there are a lot of processes, it’s about remembering. Of course, there are other ways of training the brain, but singing is a very good example of how you can help to improve brain function.”
Neuroscience News May 28, 2022 extract edit
LAARFS (Laughing All Abilities Really Friendly Singers) is a project of the Rotary Club of Doncaster
lead by Rotarian Leon Moore
This week's meeting is at the RSL Club. The speaker is Ian Ash from District 9810 Membership Committee who will be facilitating part 3 of our Club Invigoration seminar.
Details for the Zoom meeting are 
Joady Barnes is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.
Topic: Rotary Weekly Meeting
         Jun 1, 2022 06:30 PM
        Jun 8, 2022 06:30 PM
        Jun 15, 2022 06:30 PM
        Jun 22, 2022 06:30 PM
        Jun 29, 2022 06:30 PM
Meeting ID: 858 8284 1077
Passcode: 779783


Thank you very much  indeed for your good wishes.   We all hope that your 50th Anniversary function goes well. 
I have  contacted our incoming  President, Jon Sewell, and he would be delighted to become an honorary member of your club.  I will pass the name of your  incoming  President to our Council in order to return the compliment. 
Please give our very best wishes  to all the members of your club, and perhaps in the autumn we might have another joint zoom so our honorary members can formally exchange  greetings? 
All the best
Jackie, President Rotary Doncaster UK
Rotary FAQs #01
What is Rotary?
ROTARY is an international network of like-minded people who use their skills and knowledge to help others.
Rotary unites people from all continents and cultures who take action to deliver real, long-term solutions to our world’s most persistent issues.
In communities across the globe, our 1.4 million members come together to strengthen their connections to friends and neighbours and their commitment to improving lives.
While our 46,000 clubs all share a commitment to community service, the experience, focus and dynamics of each club is unique.
Being a Rotary member connects you with a diverse group of professionals who share your drive to give back to your community, whether that’s local, national or international.
Solving real problems takes real commitment and vision.
Each year, Rotary members invest hundreds of millions of dollars and countless volunteer hours in sustainable, community-based solutions to promote health, peace, and prosperity in communities across the globe.
Rotary combines global reach, local resources, and highly skilled volunteers with a funding structure that distributes USD$200 million annually to provide clean water and sanitation; support education; prevent and treat disease; save mothers and children; grow local economies; promote peace; and protect our environment.
For more almost 40 years, Rotary has been the driving force in the effort to end polio worldwide. Alongside our partners in the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, we’ve achieved a 99.9 percent reduction in polio cases, with less than 10 cases of wild polio reported in 2021 compared with 350,000 a year in the late 1980s.
Our members have contributed US$2.4 billion and countless volunteer hours to protect more than three billion children in 122 countries from this paralyzing disease.
Today, two countries continue to report cases of wild poliovirus, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
For more information, visit www.rotary.org
Fossilised fruit scratches at the mystery of screw palms
A 30-million-year-old Pandanus fruit suggests the plants are very old Australians.
The fossilised pandanus fruit. Credit: Queensland Museum
Plants from the Pandanus genus grow in the tropics all over the world, where hundreds of different species are present. In Australia, there are 15 different Pandanus species, including the screw palm (which, of course, is not a palm).
But the plants’ history isn’t very clear – it’s not even obvious which continent Pandanus evolved on.
Now, thanks to the discovery in Central Queensland of a 30-million-year-old fossilised fruit, it seems the answer might be the prehistoric great southern landmass of Gondwana.
The fruit fossil was found in 2014 by Joe Bridgeman, on his property at Capella, roughly 50km north of Emerald.
After analysis by researchers from the Queensland Museum, the University of New England, the University of Queensland, and Kew Gardens in the UK, it’s been decided that it’s a Pandanus – and a new species at that.
It’s been named Pandanus estellae, after Bridgeman’s wife.
A description of the fossil, and the implications it has for our understanding of modern Pandanus, is published in the International Journal of Plant Science.
“The fossil record on the family is pretty poor,” says lead author Dr Andrew Rozefelds, principal curator at the Queensland Museum.
“The fossil fruits are surprisingly few and far between. In Hawaii, they’ve found very recent fruits that have fallen on to the magma. And they’ve left an impression of their fruit shape, but they’re basically modern fruits. As far as I can see, there were some fruits described from Europe that were Pandanaceae [the family] – but not Pandanus [the genus].
“So, this is the first Pandanus fruit that we’ve found essentially anywhere, that’s of any age.”
Rozefelds says that this fact alone leads to further intrigue.
“Why haven’t we found more? The fruits are quite hard and woody; why have they been missed? And you then go down a rabbit hole in terms of speculation as to what could be happening.”One of his theories leans on fruit size. Despite being a mature specimen, the fossilised fruit is much smaller than many modern Pandanus fruit.
This suggests that possibly Pandanus plants radiated out from Gondwana quite recently in an evolutionary sense, once they’d evolved to grow larger fruit which could carry their seeds to distant shores.
“In order to be successful in a marine environment, you’ve got to basically ensure that your seeds are kept dry and protected from being immersed in the seawater,” says Rozefelds.
“And that’s why they’ve gone down this pathway of larger, fruit size. But that’s all speculation – I can’t prove any of that.”
The Mercure Hotel Doncaster.
Our new meeting place
While we’re getting on with the business of helping others, let’s take a moment to remember our fellow Members, Partners and Friends of the Club, who may be doing it a little tough.
We’re also thinking of our long-term absent Members whom we don’t see often enough.
I’m sure all of us know an absent or ex Member who would love to have a call from any one of us as Members of the Rotary Club of Doncaster.
If you do know anyone who is unwell, or is going through challenging times, or even if you’re up against it yourself, contact our Welfare Officer, PP Frank Evans on 9337 8493, or email frank.evans1@bigpond.com.
Please let me know if anyone has issues with reading the bulletin, also if anyone has any suggestion on content for the Bulletin please do not hesitate to email me: – joadyb@optusnet.com.au
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