BULLETIN 22062022
22 June 2022

Home of Past District 9810 Governors
Bill Tierney (1986-1987)
Russell Gurney (2018-2019)
Alma Reynolds (2020-2021)

 

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Up Helly Aa festival in Shetland, where the Viking genetic footprint is strongest.
Vikings still running rampant in Scottish DNA
SCOTLAND’S coasts and beaches carry the genetic footprints of invaders from Ireland and Picts and Norse warriors, new DNA research has revealed.
 
After compiling thousands of samples from across the UK over the past four years, researchers at Scotland’s DNA have apparently uncovered evidence on the differences between England and Scotland’s ancestral DNA.
The team tested the genetic makeup of more than 5,000 men across the UK, tracing their past through markers on the Y-chromosome DNA passed from father to son.
The researchers used men as women historically moved around more, often due to marriage.
Alistair Moffat, historian and co-founder of the business, said: “We measured all of this DNA and started to realise there was a real difference between places in the UK. They are really quite striking. There is no doubt of the impact these invaders had on Scotland’s population.”
Researchers found 12 per cent of men in Argyll and south Scotland carried the M222 chromosome, which is believed to have been brought over from Ireland from the fifth century, when Irish invaders crossed the North Channel. These men are believed by the researchers to be direct descendants of the first Irish High King – Niall Noigiallach.
This DNA is very rare in England, with no appearance in East Anglia, 1 per cent in Yorkshire and central England, and 2 per cent in the South-east and the South-west. Scots comedian Rory Bremner was among those who shared this DNA.
One of Scotland’s lost tribes, the Picts, have also been traced after disappearing from their heartlands near the rivers Forth and Clyde following Viking attacks in the ninth century.
In the heartland of the southern Pictish kingdoms, Tayside, Perthshire, Fife and Angus, nearly one-fifth of men carry the Pictish male lineage.
This marker is barely present in England with an average of 1 per cent of men carrying the genetic code.
Vikings are still running rampant through Scotland as, according to the researchers, 29.2 per cent of descendants in Shetland have the DNA, 25.2 per cent in Orkney and 17.5 per cent in Caithness. This compares with just with 5.6 per cent of men in Yorkshire carrying Norse DNA.
It was Germanic invaders who ravaged the English coast instead, leaving a trail of genetic footprints in their wake.
The German Y chromosome R1b S21 is found at a high frequency of 29 per cent in the east, compared with a range of 19-24 per cent across the rest of England.
The percentage drops as low as 9 per cent in the South-west of Scotland.
Chief scientist Dr Jim Wilson said: “It actually tallies really well with what we learn in history but I was delighted to see these really fine patterns emerge across Britain – some of which are quite specific.”
The team collated the information based on where participants’ grandparents were born, to remove the migratory patterns of more recent generations.
Dr Wilson, also a reader in Population and Disease Genetics at Edinburgh University, said: “This data allows us to really look back into the past and make discoveries only DNA can show.”
Scotland’s DNA now plans to conduct the same process in women, using mitochondrial DNA passed from mother to daughter.
By LIZZY BUCHAN, The Scotsman
Sunday, 24th May 2015, 12:45 am
 
What is Rotary?
ROTARY was the world’s first service club dedicated to its local community.
The first Rotary Club was founded in the USA, in Chicago, in 1905.
The first Club in Australia was the Rotary Club of Melbourne, chartered in April, 1921.
Our Club, Rotary Doncaster, was charted on August 25, 1972, and is celebrating its fiftieth anniversary during the year of 2022-2023.
According to the “History 1972 to 2008” compiled and presented by PDG Bill Tierney and PP Graeme Trainor in June 2008, there were 35 charter members. Bill and Graeme are the only remaining Members of that first group. Of course, in those days, there were no female members. That anomaly was corrected in the early 1990s. Was Zina Botte our first female member inducted during the year 1993-1994?
Within just four years of chartering our club fostered the formation of the Rotary Club of Templestowe who are celebrating their 45th anniversary.  
Over this half century of service our Club has conducted numerous projects in support of our local community as well as major national and international activities.
This is the time for Members to ensure they have locked in the date to celebrate our club’s half century of service.
Lock in the date of Thursday, August 25. Lock in the venue of the Mercure Hotel Doncaster. Maybe ask some of your friends and family to join you and help them lock in the date to celebrate?
PP Graeme Trainor and his team are busy organising this very special night and let’s try to ensure all current Members, partners and guests are in attendance. More information is to follow.
For further news about the world of Rotary visit www.rotary.org.
 

From RC Quirindi.

Last Monday, the Quirindi Rotary Club held their partners night, it was cold and wet but we still managed to have a nice turn up.
At most of our meetings we have a special guest and last night we were lucky to meet a family who have fled Ukraine.
A little bit about the story of these families that are starting a new life in Australia.
Mark Chapple is the man that these families owe so much to, but to Mark it was a matter of what else can I do. His wife originally thought he had given a financial donation, but to Mark he wanted to do so much more. So that is when the story of getting two families into the Quirindi Community.
Vladimir, Julia and young daughter Danielle fled Kharkiv on 24th February 2022, this was the day of the Russian Invasion. Their city of Kharkiv was one of the first cities to be attacked by the Russian Federation Military and is still being attached today.  Vladimir, Julia and their daughter fled first to Poland, then to Romania and then to Sofia Bulgaria where they were safe for a period of time.  The only possessions that they now own is a suitcase each of personal belongings. They have lost everything, but still had the strength to carry on, the strength to find their way safely to Australia where they knew no one.
They had a subclass 600 Visa into Australia but that was all, they desperately needed assistance with getting the ticket to get the family of three to Australia.
 
 
How to Get Better at Dealing with Change
by Nick Tasler Harvard Business Review
September 21, 2016
 
Change is an unavoidable constant in our work lives. Sometimes it’s within our control, but most often it’s not. Our jobs or roles change — and not always for the better. Our organizations undergo reorgs and revamp their strategies, and we need to adjust.
Fortunately, there are ways to adapt to change, and even to take advantage of it.
Find the humor in the situation. Trying to find a funny moment during an otherwise unfunny situation can be a fantastic way to create the levity needed to see a vexing problem from a new perspective. It can help others feel better as well.
Pioneering humor researcher Rod A. Martin, who has studied the effects of different styles of humor, has found that witty banter, or “affiliative humor,” can lighten the mood and improve social interaction. Just make sure it’s inclusive and respectful. A good rule of thumb is that other people’s strife is no laughing matter, but your own struggles can be a source of comedic gold.
Talk about problems more than feelings. One of the most common myths of coping with unwanted changes is the idea that we can “work through” our anger, fears, and frustrations by talking about them a lot. This isn’t always the case. In fact, research shows that actively and repeatedly broadcasting negative emotions hinders our natural adaptation processes.
That’s not to say you should just “suck it up” or ignore your troubles. Instead, call out your anxiety or your anger at the outset of a disorienting change so that you are aware of how it might distort your thinking or disrupt your relationships. Then look for practical advice about what to do next. By doing so, you’ll zero in on the problems you can solve, instead of lamenting the ones you can’t.
Don’t stress out about stressing out. Our beliefs about stress matter. As Stanford psychologist Kelly McGonigal argues in The Upside of Stress, your reaction to stress has a greater impact on your health and success than the stress itself. If you believe stress kills you, it will. If you believe stress is trying to carry you over a big obstacle or through a challenging situation, you’ll become more resilient and may even live longer.
When you start to feel stressed, ask yourself what your stress is trying to help you accomplish. Is stress trying to help you excel at an important task, like a sales presentation or a big interview? Is it trying to help you endure a period of tough market conditions or a temporary shift in your organizational structure? Is it trying to help you empathize with a colleague or a customer? Or is stress to trying to help you successfully exit a toxic situation?
Stress can be a good thing — if you choose to see it that way.
Focus on your values instead of your fears. Reminding ourselves of what’s important to us — family, friends, religious convictions, scientific achievement, great music, creative expression, and so on — can create a surprisingly powerful buffer against whatever troubles may be ailing us.
In a series of studies spanning more than a decade, researchers led by Geoffrey Cohen and David Sherman have shown how people of all ages in a range of circumstances, from new schools and new relationships to new jobs, can strengthen their minds with a simple exercise: spending 10 minutes writing about a time when a particular value you hold has positively affected you.
The technique works because reflecting on a personal value helps us rise above the immediate threat, and makes us realize that our personal identity can’t be compromised by one challenging situation.
Accept the past, but fight for the future. Even though we are never free from change, we are always free to decide how we respond to it.
Viktor Frankl championed this idea after returning home from three horrific years in Nazi death camps. He discovered that his mother, brother, wife, and unborn child were all dead. Everything in his life had changed. All that he loved was lost. But as fall became winter and winter gave way to spring, Frankl began to discover that even though he could never go back to the life he once had, he was still free to meet new friends, find new love, become a father again, work with new patients, enjoy music, and read books. Frankl called his hope in the face of despair “tragic optimism.”
Frankl’s story is an extreme example, of course, but that’s all the more reason why we should find inspiration from it. If we fixate on the limitations of a specific change, we inevitably succumb to worry, bitterness, and despair.
Instead, we should choose to accept the fact that change happens, and employ our freedom to decide what to do next.
Don’t expect stability. In the late 1970s a researcher at the University of Chicago named Salvatore Maddi began studying employees at Illinois Bell. Soon after, the phone industry was deregulated, and the company had to undergo a lot of changes. Some managers had trouble coping. Others thrived. What separated the two groups?
The adaptive leaders chose to view all changes, whether wanted or unwanted, as an expected part of the human experience, rather than as a tragic anomaly that victimizes unlucky people. Instead of feeling personally attacked by ignorant leaders, evil lawmakers, or an unfair universe, they remained engaged in their work and spotted opportunities to fix long-standing problems with customer service and to tweak antiquated pricing structures.
In contrast, Maddi found that the struggling leaders were consumed by thoughts of “the good old days.” They spent their energy trying to figure out why their luck had suddenly turned sour. They tried to bounce back to a time and a place that no longer existed.
Although each of these six techniques requires different skills to pull off — and you’ll probably gravitate toward some more than others — there’s one thing that you must do if you want to be more successful at dealing with change: accept it.
EDITOR'S CORNER
Please let me know if anyone has issues with reading the bulletin, also if anyone has any suggestion on content for the Bulletin please do not hesitate to email me: – joadyb@optusnet.com.au
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